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On September 7, 2021, the CFPB announced that it had entered into a consent order with an education finance nonprofit (“nonprofit”) in connection with the nonprofit’s offering of income share agreements (“ISAs”). In the consent order, the CFPB asserted that ISAs are extensions of credit covered by the Consumer Financial Protection Act and the Truth in Lending Act (“TILA”) as well as TILA’s requirements with respect to “private education loans.” Because the CFPB asserts in the consent order that it views the nonprofit’s ISAs as credit, the CFPB takes the position that they are also subject to numerous other federal consumer financial protection laws that impose requirements and restrictions on student loan products. This consent order has significant implications for those in the ISA market, as it indicates how the CFPB views re-characterization for ISAs and similar products.
Continue Reading CFPB Finds that Income Share Agreements are Credit Products

Today the Bureau finally released its long-awaited proposed rulemaking on small business lending data collection. Section 1071 of the Dodd-Frank Act mandated that the CFPB collect data about small business lending to facilitate enforcement of fair lending laws.

After ten years of fits and starts on this topic, the Bureau ultimately was pressured by a lawsuit filed against it to make forward progress on a proposal. As we previously reported, a court settlement last year mandated a timeline for the CFPB to take certain steps to initiate a Section 1071 small business lending data collection rulemaking. Among other steps, the settlement required the CFPB to convene a Small Business Advocacy Review panel (“Panel”) by October 15, 2020. The Panel met and provided feedback on the CFPB’s proposals under consideration and released its report in December.

The 918-page proposed rule issued today is the culmination of years of research and CFPB engagement with stakeholders.
Continue Reading CFPB Issues Proposed Small Business Lending Rule

On August 10, 2021, the CFPB’s Office of Supervision Policy published a report titled Mortgage Servicing COVID-19 Pandemic Response Metrics: Observations from Data Reported by Sixteen Servicers (“Servicing Metrics Report”).  Although the Servicing Metrics Report doesn’t allege any compliance deficiencies in the servicers’ performance, the topics addressed in the report and the CFPB’s accompanying press release indicate areas of focus for the CFPB, and servicers should take note.

Continue Reading CFPB Report on Servicers’ COVID-19 Response Signals Enforcement Priorities

On February 4, 2021, the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (DFPI or the Department) issued an invitation for stakeholder comments on potential rules that will govern the operations and authority of the Department. This invitation is the first opportunity for industry participants to weigh in on the functions of the DFPI—a newly reconstituted regulator whose oversight will significantly affect many financial services companies operating in California.

The DFPI (formerly known as the Department of Business Oversight) was established by the California Consumer Financial Protection Law (CCFPL), which was enacted last September. In addition to renaming and reorganizing one of California’s financial regulators, the CCFPL grants the DFPI authority very similar to that granted to the CFPB under the Dodd-Frank Act, including expanded regulatory and enforcement powers. And while many licensees are exempt from these new authorities—e.g., mortgage lenders licensed under the state’s Real Estate Law—uncertainty around their scope and implementation should lead all potentially relevant market participants to monitor and consider participating in the rulemaking process.
Continue Reading California DFPI Invites Comments on Rules Governing its Operations and Authority

On January 4, 2021, Representative Al Green of Texas, the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations for the House Financial Services Committee, re-introduced H.R. 166, titled the Fair Lending for All Act, a bill he previously introduced in 2019. The proposed bill would significantly revise the application and enforcement of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) and would further expand lenders’ collection and reporting obligations under the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA).
Continue Reading Re-introduced Fair Lending for All Act Proposes Stiffer ECOA Penalties and CFPB Testing Office

In response to the significant impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the US Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) announced in July 2020 that it would shift its supervisory priorities and begin performing Prioritized Assessments instead of planned examinations. On January 19, 2021, the CFPB issued its findings in a COVID-19 Prioritized Assessments Special Edition of Supervisory

On January 28, 2021, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB or the Bureau) provided the first official details regarding its new direction under the Biden administration. In a statement originally issued internally to Bureau employees, Acting Director Dave Uejio outlined his two main priorities: (1) relief for consumers facing hardship due to COVID-19 and the related economic crisis and (2) racial equity. While these two areas of focus were largely expected, the details of Acting Director Uejio’s statement provide helpful clarity to companies subject to the Bureau’s supervisory and/or enforcement jurisdiction.
Continue Reading CFPB will Prioritize COVID-19 Relief and Racial Equity under Acting Director Uejio

With President Joe Biden’s inauguration as the Nation’s 46th President, change is coming to Washington. And that change will be felt quickly and acutely at the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). At President Biden’s request, CFPB Director Kathy Kraninger submitted her resignation on Wednesday, clearing the way for the President to appoint current FTC Commissioner and former CFPB official Rohit Chopra as the next Director of the agency. Given the CFPB’s single Director structure, the new Director will have significant opportunities to shape the direction of the CFPB over the next four years. Below we address what we can expect to see from CFPB under the new administration.
Continue Reading A New Day Dawns at the CFPB

On January 13, 2021, the Bureau issued a guidance statement regarding the provision of financial products and services to consumers with limited English proficiency (the Statement). In the Statement, the Bureau defines a consumer with “limited English proficiency” or a “limited English proficient” (LEP) consumer as a person who has a limited ability to read,